Firefighting operations in underground transport systems are particularly challenging for fire services. The large penetration depths can push the emergency personnel to their performance limits. The immense personnel requirements are for many fire services difficult to meet and require an unusually high coordination effort. In the deployment preparation, it is necessary to decide which special techniques are used and how the emergency personnel should be individually prepared for their tasks.
The main problem: great penetration depths
Tunnel tubes are continuous fire compartments in which smoke can spread rapidly. Depending on the length of the tunnel and the number of lateral accesses, this results in penetration depths of up to several kilometres.
Firefighting operations in underground transport systems do not only require physical fitness. Equally important are the mental preparation and the best possible knowledge of the respective tunnel system.